For adults, it describes impairments for each of the major body systems that the Social Security Administration considers to be severe enough to prevent an individual from doing any gainful activity, regardless of his or her age, education, or work experience.
Social Security’s Listing of Impairments (also referred to as “The Listings”) describes physical and mental impairments considered severe enough to prevent an individual from doing any substantial gainful activity. They are called the “The Listing”s because the conditions are “listed” in an appendix in the Social Security rules and regulations.
The Listings tend to break down impairments by each major body system. Most of the listed impairments are permanent or expected to result in death. Or, the listing may include a specific statement of duration. For all other listings, the evidence must show that the impairment has lasted or is expected to last for a continuous period of at least one year (12 months).
The criteria in The Listings are applicable to the evaluation of claims for disability benefits under either the Social Security disability insurance (SSDI) program, the SSI program, or both.
What Medical Conditions Are Listed?
The Listings include:
- musculoskeletal problems, such as neck and back injuries;
- cardiovascular conditions, such as congestive heart failure or coronary artery disease;
- senses and speech issues, such as vision and hearing loss;
- respiratory illnesses, such as COPD or asthma;
- neurological disorders, such as multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, Parkinson’s disease, and epilepsy;
- mental disorders, such as depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, autism, or retardation;
- immune system disorders, such as HIV/AIDS, lupus, and rheumatoid arthritis;
- various syndromes, such as Sjogren’s Syndrome and Marfan Syndrome;
- skin disorders, such as dermatitis;
- digestive tract problems, such as liver disease or IBD;
- kidney disease and genitourinary problems; and